CHICAGO – Physician mothers who breastfeed and wish to pump milk during work hours can face many of the same challenges as other working mothers, as well as some issues unique to the profession, a new survey revealed.
“Although physician mothers have high rates of intention to breastfeed while they are pregnant, and initiation of breastfeeding at birth, we unfortunately have low rates of continuing to breastfeed and even meeting the [6 month] recommendations for exclusive breastfeeding,” Rebecca Cantu, MD, MPH said at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Dr. Cantu and her colleagues surveyed providers affiliated with the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock in 2016. The 3-item, Web-based survey was anonymous and assessed role [trainee (medical student, resident physician, fellow) or faculty physician], breastfeeding experience, and perceived barriers to successful breastfeeding.
Common barriers identified
Of the 223 responses, 38% were from medical students, 31% from faculty, 24% from residents, and 7% from fellows. Of the 97 physicians who had breastfed at some point, 97% identified at least one barrier they felt inhibited their breastfeeding goals, said Dr. Cantu, a pediatric hospitalist at Arkansas Children’s Hospital in Little Rock. The survey revealed a total 397 barriers, for an average of 3.7 per person. Being faced with barriers could lead to early unintentional weaning and other consequences like mastitis, decreased milk supply, or anxiety, she added.
“We did find trainees identified a significantly higher median number of barriers, five, versus three for faculty [P less than .01],” Dr. Cantu said. Only one respondent said she faced no barriers.
Lack of time and place to pump breast milk, an unpredictable schedule, short maternity leave, and long working hours were among the most common barriers cited.
“For physicians, we don’t have time. I don’t have a protected lunch break. I’m a hospitalist rounding for hours in the morning,” Dr. Cantu said. “Also, residents don’t always feel comfortable asking for time to leave, and we don’t have people identified to cover our patients. So, depending on the institution, there can be many areas that need to be addressed.”
“The last place I worked had many lactation rooms scattered throughout the hospital, some for physicians only,” she said. “Where I work now we have one room for breastfeeding with two chairs for the entire medical center. So space is a problem.”
A little over half (56%) of respondents had never breastfed. Another 30% had previously breastfed and weaned and 14% were currently breastfeeding at the time of the survey. Of those who had never breastfed, 87% indicated that they planned to at some point in the future. “This emphasizes that the current problem is something we need to continue to work on. We need to address these barriers, and find ways to decrease the impact these barriers have on breastfeeding physicians.”
Future research will investigate association between these barriers and breastfeeding duration and other outcomes, Dr. Cantu said.
“Policy can play a role here. Plenty of studies have shown that supporting physicians who breastfeed is associated with better patient outcomes, and institutions that support breastfeeding can have a financial benefit,” she said, adding, “If the hospitals cannot even support breastfeeding mothers, how do we expect other places to?”
During the Q&A after Dr. Cantu’s presentation, a meeting attendee suggested using a Freemie pump.* It’s a smaller and more discreet pump that can be used “at an airport, restaurant or while charting in the emergency department.” Dr. Cantu agreed that Freemie pumps could help.
Dr. Cantu also recommended the Dr. Milk support group website and Facebook pages. “I refer a lot of trainees there because you can post a question and get tons of peer advice and support, and find out what’s worked for other people.:
Dr. Cantu had no relevant financial disclosures.
* This article was updated on 1/11/18.