EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Bryan T. Hanypsiak, MD

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Physician's Regional Medical Center, Naples, FL

Course Director, Innovative Techniques: Knee, Hip, and Shoulder Course, Las Vegas, NV

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

Associate Editor-in-Chief:

A. Herbert Alexander, MD

Alexander Orthopaedics, Ketchum, ID

Deputy Editor-in-Chief:

Asheesh Bedi, MD

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Deputy Editor-in-Chief:

Joshua S. Dines, MD

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY

Wallace B. Lehman, MD

New York Ponseti Clubfoot Center

NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases Langone Medical Center, New York, NY

Lawrence J. Lemak, MD

St. Vincent's Hospital, Birmingham, AL

Deputy Editor-in-Chief:

Shane J. Nho, MD, MS

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

Deputy Editor-in-Chief:

Robin V. West, MD

Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA

ASSOCIATE EDITORS

Adult Knee Reconstruction:

Michael A. Kelly, MD

Hackensack University Hospital, Hackensack, NJ

Adult Reconstruction:

Jess H. Lonner, MD

Rothman Institute and Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA

Arthroplasty/Sports Medicine:

Nicolaas C. Budhiparama, MD

Nicolaas Institute of Constructive Orthopaedic Research & Education Foundation, Jakarta, Indonesia

Biologics:

Raffy Mirzayan, MD

Kaiser Permanente, Baldwin Park, CA

Biomechanics:

Thay Q. Lee, PhD

VA Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA

Foot and Ankle:

Glenn B. Pfeffer, MD

Cedars-Sinai, Los Angeles, CA

Hand and Wrist:

Edward Diao, MD

University of California, San Francisco, CA

Orthopedic Oncology:

Albert Aboulafia, MD

Cancer Institute at Sinai, Baltimore, MD

Robert M. Henshaw, MD

Georgetown University, Washington, DC

Patient-Reported Outcome Measures:

Laurence D. Higgins, MD, MBA

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA

Patrick A. Smith, MD

Columbia Orthopaedic Group and University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

Rick W. Wright, MD

Washington University, St. Louis, MO

Patellofemoral:

Jack Farr, MD

OrthoIndy, Grennwood, IN

Pediatrics:

Cordelia W. Carter, MD

Yale University, New Haven, CT

Charles A. Popkin, MD

Columbia University, New York, NY

Jeffrey Sawyer, MD

Campbell Clinic, Memphis, TN

Practice Management/Economics:

Struan H. Coleman, MD, PhD

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY

Professional Sports:

Matthew J. Matava, MD

Washington University, Chesterfield, MO

Kenneth Montgomery, MD

Tri-County Orthopedics, Morristown, NJ

Shoulder:

Patrick J. Denard, MD

Southern Orthopedics, Medford, OR

Anand M. Murthi, MD

MedStar Union Memorial Hospital; MedStar Orthopedics, Baltimore, MD

Shoulder and Elbow:

Brian J. Cole, MD, MBA

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

Donald P. Endrizzi, MD

Maine Medical Center, Portland, ME

Spine:

Howard S. An, MD

Rush-Presbyterian Medical Center, Chicago, IL

Sports Medicine:

Thomas M. DeBerardino, MD

University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT

Michael B. Gerhardt, MD

Santa Monica Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Group, Santa Monica, CA

Sports Medicine/Ultrasound and Biologics:

Alan M. Hirahara, MD, FRCS(C)

Private Practice, Sacramento, CA

Translation Science and Animal Research:

Lisa A. Fortier, DVM, PhD, DACVS

Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

Trauma:

Andrew Grose, MD

Westchester Medical Center, Hawthorne, NY

James V. Nepola, MD

University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA

Michael Suk, MD, JD, MPH

Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA

Jose B. Toro, MD

Peconic Bay Medical Center, Riverhead, NY

Brian K. Vickaryous, MD

Florida Hospital Orthopedic Institute, Orlando, FL

DEPARTMENT EDITORS

Imaging Series:

Wilfred C. G. Peh, MD

Alexandra Hospital, Singapore

Socioeconomics and Practice Management:

James P. Tasto, MD

University of California, San Diego, CA

EDITORIAL REVIEW BOARD

Edward Adler, MD

Christopher S. Ahmad, MD

Abigail Allen, MD

Keith Baldwin, MD, MSPT, MPH

Laurel Beverley, MD

Adam David Bitterman, DO

Theodore A. Blaine, MD

Michael Bradley, MD

James A. Browne, MD

Steven L. Buckley, MD

J. Kenneth Burkus, MD

Sergey Bushnev, MD

Lyle Cain, MD

James P. Cashman, MD, FRCS (Tr & Orth)

Edward S. Chang, MD

Anikar Chhabra, MD

Kingsley R. Chin, MD

Paul D. Clifford, MD

Johanees C. Coetzee, MD, FRCSC

Catherine A. Compito, MD

Fred Cushner, MD

Roger A. Daley, MD, PhD

Alan H. Daniels, MD

Carl Deirmengian, MD

Gregory S. DiFelice, MD

David Drucker, MD

Jeffrey R. Dugas, MD

Xavier A. Duralde, MD

Jean-Pierre C. Farcy, MD

Kevin W. Farmer, MD

Brody A. Flanagin, MD

David A. Forsh, MD

Darren J. Friedman, MD

Patricia Friedmann, MS

Mark Froimson, MD, MBA

Hassan Ghomrawi, PhD, MPH

Howard J. Goodman, MD

Jonathan N. Grauer, MD

Gregory P. Graziano, MD

Jeffrey L. Gum, MD

Manish Gupta, MD

Erik N. Hansen, MD

Joshua D. Harris, MD

Andrew C. Hecht, MD

Carlos A. Higuera, MD

Andrew R. Hsu, MD

Christopher E. Hubbard, MD

Asif M. Ilyas, MD

Allan E. Inglis Jr, MD

Ilya Iofin, MD

J. Benjamin Jackson III, MD

Kenneth A. Jaffe, MD

Seth A. Jerabek, MD

Jeffrey E. Johnson, MD

Matthew D. Karam, MD

Donald M. Kastenbaum, MD

Mary Ann Keenan, MD

Michael P. Keith, MD, CDR, MC, USN

Julie M. Keller, MD

Jaehon M. Kim, MD

Yair D. Kissin, MD

Gregg R. Klein, MD

Sanjit R. Konda, MD

Sumant "Butch" Krishnan, MD

Chad A. Krueger, MD

Lee R. Leddy, MD, MSCR

Philipp Leucht, MD

Francisco M. López González, MD

T. Sean Lynch, MD

Nicholas Maassen, MD

Zachary O. Mallon, MD

Joel L. Mayerson, MD

Benjamin A. McArthur, MD

Roddy McGee, MD

Sean McMillan, DO

Bradley R. Merk, MD

Michael A. Mont, MD

Kevin J. Murphy, MD

Surena Namdari, MD, MSc

Ronald A. Navarro, MD

James T. Ninomiya, MD

Shervin V. Oskouei, MD

Norman Y. Otsuka, MD

James M. Paci, MD

Debra M. Parisi, MD

Javad Parvizi, MD

Andrew D. Pearle, MD

Daniel B. Polatsch, MD

Paula J. Rackoff, MD

Peter Charles Rhee, DO, MS

Raoul P. Rodriguez, MD

Jörg J. Ruhe, MD, MPH

Paul Saluan, MD

Mark Schamblin, MD

Jacob F. Schulz, MD

Adam J. Schwartz, MD

Martin L. Schwartz, MD

Evan M. Schwechter, MD

James J. Sferra, MD

Peter F. Sharkey, MD

Seth L. Sherman, MD

Vladimir Shur, MD, PhD

John M. Siliski, MD

Kern Singh, MD

Hillel D. Skoff, MD

Harris S. Slone, MD

Daniel J. Stinner, MD

Elton Strauss, MD

Edwin P. Su, MD

Karen M. Sutton, MD

Eric W. Tan, MD

Robert Z. Tashjian, MD

Nirmal C. Tejwani, MD

Sam Tejwani, MD

Dinesh Thawrani, MD, FACS

Thomas (Quin) Throckmorton, MD

Matthew M. Tomaino, MD

Saul G. Trevino, MD

Michael W. Vannier, MD

Chris Vinton, MD

Mandeep S. Virk, MD

Eugene Viscusi, MD

Anand Vora, MD

Norman E. Waldrop III, MD

Matthew T. Wallace, MD, MBA

Zeke Walton, MD

Brian J. Waterman, MD

Robert S. Wolf, MD

Bertram Zarins, MD

Michael S. Zeide, MD

Naiquan (Nigel) Zheng, PhD

Founding Editor-in-Chief 1972-1989:

Alexander Garcia, MD

Editor-in-Chief 1989-1991:

Robert E. Leach, MD

Editor-in-Chief 1991-1995:

Robert B. Greer III, MD

Editor-in-Chief 1996-2005:

John S. Gould, MD

Editor-in-Chief 2006-2016:

Peter D. McCann, MD

Founding Editor 1972-2006:

Robert S. Siffert, MD

RESIDENT ADVISORY BOARD

Eric Boe, DO

Jersey City Medical Center, Jersey City, NJ

Timothy S. Brown, MD

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX

Wayne Chan, MD, PhD

Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

Daniel Choi, MD

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey/New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ

Gregory L. Cvetanovich, MD

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

Edward M. DelSole, MD

Hospital for Joint Diseases/NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY

Peter B. Derman, MD, MBA

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY

John Dunn, MD

William Beaumont Army Medical, Fort Bliss, TX

Brandon Erickson, MD

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

Daniel P. Feghhi, MD

Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY

Jonathan Frank, MD

Steadman-Philippon Research Institute, Vail, CO

Rachel M. Frank, MD

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

Stephanie M. Gancarczyk, MD

Columbia University, New York, NY

Daniel B. Gibbs, MD

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL

Mohamad J. Halawi, MD

Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH

Andrea Halim, MD

Brown University, Providence, RI

Matthew T. Houdek, MD

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Alexa J. Karkenny, MD

Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY

Nicholas Kusnezov, MD

William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX

Joseph L. Laratta, MD

New York Presbyterian Hospital-Columbia University, New York, NY

David M. Levy, MD

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

W. G. Stuart Mackenzie, MD

New York Presbyterian Hospital-Columbia University, New York, NY

Melvin C. Makhni, MD, MBA

Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY

Alexander S. McLawhorn, MD

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY

Travis J. Menge, MD

Steadman-Philippon Research Institute, Vail, CO

Scott R. Nodzo, MD

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY

Andrew J. Rosenbaum, MD

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY

Glenn S Russo, MD, MS

Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT

Michael K. Ryan, MD

NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY

Alexander M. Satin, MD

North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, NY

Andrew D. Sobel, MD

The Warren Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University, Providence, RI

Jason Onur Toy, MD

Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

David Trofa, MD

Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY

Laura A. Vogel, MD

Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY

Bryan Vopat, MD

Harvard/Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Tyler James Vovos, MD

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC

Christian J. Zaino, MD

University Hospital of Brooklyn, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Kings County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY